Profile of Karimganj District, Assam, India
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Communication and Transportation

Karimganj District is located at the southern fringe of the state of Assam, in the North-east India. Although various modes of communication to this district is available, due to the remoteness from the mainland of India, the existing transportation and communication facility is a major bottleneck in the development process of the district.

Road Communication

Map of Karimganj with Communication Links The major road link to the district is National Highway 44 which starts from Shillong in Meghalaya and after passing through Karimganj, goes upto Agartala in Tripura state. It also provides a major intra-district communication backbone as it covers a stretch of more than 83 Kms in this district. After entering through Karimganj-Hailakandi border at Badarpurghat, it connects important places like Badarpur, Karimganj Town, Nilambazar, Patherkandi, Lowairpoa etc, before entering Tripura at Churaibari. Road link to the nearest major town Silchar is provided by N.H. 53. Besides, a new National Highway 151 has been sanctioned for connecting Karimganj Town with Sutarkandi on the Bangladesh. This is largely meant to facilitate border trade with Bangladesh by road. For details on Road distances of Karimganj Town from various places, click
Road Distances from Karimganj Town (In Kms.)
Outside DistrictInside District
PlaceDistancePlaceDistance
Agartala259Anipur45
Aizwal250Bazarghat37
Guwahati338Bazaricherra53
Hailakandi55Bhanga15
ImphalBadarpur23
Silchar55Badarpurghat25
Shillong225Baraigram24
Dharmanagar83Bhairabnagar39
Churaibari57
Dullavcherra51
Kathaltoli52
Kalinagar61
Kalibari Bazar62
Kaliganj16
Lowairpoa49
Latu13
Lakshmi Bazar12
Mahisashan19
Nilambazar15
Nivia59
Patherkandi31
Ratabari42
Ramkrishna Nagar50
Rangamati71
Sutarkandi12

The total road length in Karimganj district as on 31st March, 1998 was 1455.23 Kms. out of which 249.45 Kms. is metalled 1205.78 Kms. is kuchcha. These roads are built and maintained by various organisations like BRO, PWD, NEC, Forest, DRDA, local bodies and so on.
For both goods and passenger transportation, road is the most widely used mode. Karimganj is well connected by direct night service buses from Guwahati, Shillong, Aizwal etc. operated by many operators, mostly private. Agartala is also connected through direct day service buses. Silchar, Badarpur, Patherkandi, R.K. Nagar and other places are connected by various transports like bus, minibus, utility vans etc.

Rail Communication

In earlier times, rail communication used to be the most preferred mode of communication both for passenger and cargo. In the pre-independance era, Karimganj Railway station was a major hub of rail communication as the whole of Assam and present day North-east was connected by a major rail link passing through present day Bangladesh. After independance of India, which was accompanied by partition of the land, the main rail link was sealed and Karimganj railway junction lost much of its importance. Even now, a train service is operated through this truncated rail-link from Karimganj Junction to the border station of Mahishasan which is just at a distance of 12 Kms.

Badarpur, in Karimganj district is still now the major railway junction and main hub in the entire Barak Valley and southern Assam. Direct train services are available to Guwahati, Lumding, Silchar, Dharmanagar-Kumarghat (in Tripura), Bhairabi (in Mizoram). Silchar-Badarpur-Karimganj-Dharmanagar train service is also an important railway service, although with the rising popularityof the road transport system, this has lost much of its importance in the last few years. Rail links also exist between Karimganj and Dullavcherra through Baraigram Junction.

The Hill Section of the N.F. Railway, connecting Lumding and Badarpur is a major arterial rail link of Barak Valley with the rest of the country. This single-track meter-gauge line passing through tortuous hill tracks in North Cachar Hills plays a role of immense importance in the economy of Karimganj District, and for that matter, for entire Barak Valley, Tripura, Mizoram and part of Manipur.

Air Communication

Karimganj district does not have its own airport. However, the nearest airport at Kumbhirgram (near Silchar - in cachar district) at a distance of 83 Kms. from Karimganj town (48 Kms. from Badarpurghat) serves as the major communication link point for the people of Karimganj. Indian Airlines (Alliance Air) operates flight services in the Silchar-Calcutta (6 days per week) and Silchar-Imphal (3 days per week) routes from this airport.

River Communication

River transportation link exists between Karimganj and Calcutta through Bangladesh. Central Inland Water Transport Corporation maintains jetty and warehouse at Karimganj Town by the side of Kushiara River for handling and storage of cargo carried by steamers by this route. Although this provides a very cheap mode of cargo transportation, the service has largely been an irregular one.

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